Emergence of Kocuria rhizophila and Kocuria rosea Infections in Immunocompromised Patients

Emergence of Kocuria rhizophila and Kocuria rosea Infections in Immunocompromised Patients
Dr. Vikramjeet Singh, Dr. W Valarie Lyngdoh, Dr. Jyotismita Rajbongshi, Dr. Koushik Debnath
Abstract: Micrococcal species are commonly found as commensal on skin and mucosa of humans and animals. However they are known to cause infections such as meningitis, endocarditis, and pneumonia, particularly in immunocompromised patients, and infections related to implanted or inserted devices. Recently, there has been an increasing incidence of different types of Kocuria infections reported, most likely due to the adoption of new and better identification methods. Here, we report two cases of bloodstream infection caused by Kocuria spp in different age group of patients. The infection was subsequently resolved by antibiotic treatment. Judicious and attentive laboratory workup of Gram-positive blood-borne infections may reveal more cases of Kocuria spp infections in immunosuppressed patients, which may collaborate for a better understanding, prevention and early treatment of these infections.
Keywords: Kocuria spp, Bloodstream infections, Blood Culture, Case Studies, Microbiology, India
PDF Link: https://www.ijsr.net/archive/v7i1/ART20179460.pdf

Evaluation of Safety, Efficacy and Continuation Rates of Postpartum Intrauterine Contraceptive Device (PPIUCD)

Chandra Vadhana .K, Savithri .M
Abstract: OBJECTIVE To evaluate the safety, efficacy and continuation rates of postpartum intrauterine contraceptive devices (PPIUCD). METHODOLOGY This is a prospective study done at the Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Coimbatore Medical College Hospital from August 2014 to July 2015. After obtaining informed consent, 200 women who fulfilled the inclusion criteria underwent postpartum insertion of Cu T 380A. They were followed up at 6 weeks, 3 months and 6 months postpartum. RESULTS Out of the 200 women who underwent PPIUCD insertion, 41.5% were post placental, 20.5% immediate postpartum and 38% intracaesarian. The gross cumulative expulsion, removal and continuation rates were 5%, 6% and 78.5% respectively. There were no major complications noted. CONCLUSION PPIUCD is a safe, very effective, long acting contraception with few side effects and no major complications.
Keywords: Postpartum Intrauterine Contraceptive Device (PPIUCD), CuT 380A, Contraception, Expulsion, Continuation., Research Paper, Medical Surgical, India
PDF Link: https://www.ijsr.net/archive/v7i1/ART20179463.pdf

The Accuracy of Different Types of Silicone Impression Materials and Technique of Implant Supported Restoration

Ali Jameel
Abstract: Background: the techniques of impression taking can be made by either a close or open tray impression procedures or by implant level impression technique, this can be achieved by Snap-on procedure which is best described as a hybrid between the two techniques mentioned previously. The aim of the study was to evaluate the accuracy of implant impressions obtained from different types and viscosity of silicone impression materials. (Addition silicone monophase, addition silicone (heavy/light body) and condensation silicone (putty/light body). Materials and methods: Two dental implants holes were drilled in the lower lateral incisor in both sides in the lower edentulous cast, two implants fixtures size 12mm/?4 of Dentium Company inserted in the drilled holes. Three types of impression technique used and the evaluation of the accuracy of the impression technique with different impression materials were tested. Impression copings were removed and parallelism gauges attached to the implant then CBCT is taken for all casts using SOREDEX CBCT machine. A demand system software measuring the distances between the parallelism gauges in 4 points, the measurements compared by one way ANOVA Table with multiple comparison LSD tests applied. Results: Descriptive statistical analysis show that the best result of the dimensional accuracy obtained with monophase A-silicone type impression material when compared with the other types of materials used in the study. Conclusions: For impression materials, monophase addition silicone impression material produce more accurate impression than condensation silicone impression material Addition silicone impression material is recommended for implant impression. For impression technique Snap-On impression technique exhibited better three-dimensional transfer compared to open and closed impression technique.The three-dimensional accuracy of Snap-On impression technique was comparable to that of the open-tray technique.The open-tray impression technique exhibited higher accuracy in comparison to closed-tray technique with monophase and heavy bodytype A.
Keywords: open tray technique, closed tray technique, Snap-On Impression Technique, monophase A-silicone impression material, Research Paper, Biomedical Sciences, Iraq
PDF Link: https://www.ijsr.net/archive/v7i1/ART20179476.pdf

Assessment of Serum Zinc Level in Children with Thalassemia Major Receiving Oral Chelation and Their Sibling in AL-Najaf City

Hidhab Jawad Muhssen, Dr. Qasim M. Hashim Al Moussawi, Ashwaq Ali Hussein, Ali Hadi Mahdi, Nidhal M. Khadem, Suaad Mohammed
Abstract: Background: Thalassemia is commonest hereditary anemia, Iraq is among countries with highest prevalence of major thalassemia, thalassemia patients have poor growth and delayed maturation mainly due to iron overload but zinc deficiency also has been suggested as a contributing factor. Aim of the study : To determine serum zinc level of patients with thalassemia and their healthy sibling and to determine whether the possible deficiency is influencing by the disease itself or by other factors. Patients and Methods: A case-control study was carried out from February 2016 to august 2016 in Al-Zahraa teaching hospital for maternity and children in Al-Najaf province . the study included 80 patients with thalassemia their ages range from 5-15 years. Control group was 50 of apparently healthy children without acute or chronic diseases, their ages range from 5-15 years , control group selected and matched with disease group regarding sex & age. For each patient & control group 3ml of blood was taken at morning , serum zinc measured by spectrophotometer and the data analysis don by SPSS version 22, 2014. Results: mean serum zinc levels were 56.2?16.1,59.5?17.7& 60?14.6 ?g/dL in Transfusion dependent, non-dependent and normal control respectively with no statistical differences, also the study show no significant relationship between serum zinc level and different variables such as gender, age, ferritin level &duration of oral chelation therapy (p>0.05) while there is significant relationship between serum zinc level and body mass index(p
Keywords: thalassemia, zinc deficiency, oral chelation therapy, Najaf, Research Paper, Pediatric Specialty, Iraq
PDF Link: https://www.ijsr.net/archive/v7i1/ART20179160.pdf

Statistical Sampling - A Primer for Beginners

Deepti Srivastava
Abstract: This article provides beginners an insight on selection of sampling methodology for any study particularly in social sector studies. It also highlights some common errors which need to be avoided for having a robust and reliable study.
Keywords: Simple Random Sampling, Precision, Stratification, Snowball Sampling, Estimates, Haphazard., Informative Article, Statistics, India
PDF Link: https://www.ijsr.net/archive/v7i1/ART20179450.pdf

Aspirations of Parents on the Development of their Children in Scouting: Case of Commune Ruashi, City of Lubumbashi

Kunda Kapwata
Abstract: Since the world is a world, children, especially men, like to play "the little soldiers": to be uniformly dressed to all, to walk by setting footsteps, singing with joy and aloud; to dance around their peers and for everything in the open air, without embarrassment ... It is in the youth movements in general, and in the scouting in particular that we meet these practices. It is through the method of inquiry assisted by participatory observation techniques and structured interview that we expect to know the contribution of Scouting in the development of children. This will be made possible thanks to the testimonials, opinions and considerations of the parents of the children in front of the interview that they will grant us and thanks to the various direct and indirect contacts with the parents and Scouts while we pretend to be Chief scout with the possibility of visiting the parents of our scouts. We will help other Scout leaders to use the Scouting Leaders of their respective Scout groups who will take this opportunity to learn the concept and practice of social surveys. We will use, after careful analysis, their protocols that we will interpret in order to present the results of our research.
Keywords: Aspiration, Development, Scouting, Informative Article, Psychology, Congo, Democratic Republic
PDF Link: https://www.ijsr.net/archive/v7i1/ART20179241.pdf

In Vitro Multiplication in Celosia Argentea L.Var. Argentea

Sachin Nirpane, Narayan Pandhure
Abstract: Celosia argentea L. is a herbaceous plant belongs to family Amaranthaceous. Traditionally the plant material is used for the treatment of jaundice, gonorrhea, wounds and fever. The leaves are also used for the treatment of inflammations, fever and itching. The seeds are bitter, useful in blood diseases, mouth sores. They are efficacious remedy in diarrhea. Hence,in vitro techniques for multiplication of Celosia argentea was developed using apical buds and shoot tip as an explant.
Keywords: Celosia argentia, Multiplication. MS media,, Research Paper, Botany Science, India
PDF Link: https://www.ijsr.net/archive/v7i1/ART20179436.pdf

Literature Works as a Learning Facility for History

Margriet Lappia
Abstract: For thousands of years history passed on orally from one generation to another. In ancient Greece, the poet Homerus created literary works of the Iliad, the heroic poem of the Trojan war, while Herodotus the historian narrates the Peloponnesian war but his work still mixed with the story of the gods. Thucydides was the first historical writer to attempt to eliminate all the elements of fiction and write facts of pure history, but to this day there are still many works of literature that have inspired or even entirely based on real stories in the past. Intertext Theory states that the authors create actions that are not wholly the product of their thinking, but mainly compile them from several earlier texts, blend them with life experiences, what they have ever read or seen and experience, and formulate them with the style and writing characteristic of their character, becomes a new work. Especially a novel / historical romance based on historical facts of the past. This research wishes to reveal that authentic learning, in addition to done through historical, scientific work, can also help through literary works based on ancient sources, especially for those who want to know history in the cultural and social context, as well as for those who do not want to study it scientifically pure. For that will done several classifications of novel / historical romance based on the level of truth truths disclosure rather than fiction, as well as benefit principles perceived history and non-history students in utilizing literary works to obtain historical knowledge.
Keywords: Literary Works, Historical Facts, Text Criticism, Intertext, Learning Tools, Research Paper, History, Indonesia
PDF Link: https://www.ijsr.net/archive/v7i1/ART20179119.pdf

The Culture and Nationalism of the Arab World: In a Historical Perspective

Muhammad Bahar Akkase Teng
Abstract: Arabic culture. Before Islam, known to the period of ignorance, there was a belief in jinn, spirits, and ghosts. The habit of drinking wine, gambling, prostitution, theft, robbery, and fights. The purpose of this study is to reveal Arab cultures during the period of ignorance, medieval and explain Arab nationalism in the Middle East. In qualitative research methodologies, there are various commonly used data/resource collection methods. Literature method is one of the data collection methods used in social research methodology to trace historical data. Materials may have published notes, textbooks, newspapers, magazines, letters, films, diaries, Literature, articles, and the like. Culture and Medieval Arab Civilization. In Arab Islamic civilization has a foundation, namely Hellenistic and Iranian Arabic civilization developed under the support of the caliph and expressed in Arabic. Arab nationalism. Indeed, the idea of nationalism has existed long ago, since the existence of human society. This paper provides an overview of the situation and condition of the Arab community of Jahiliyah, the morals of the Arab nation. Arab customs and culture prefer idol worship. Arabs have unique morals that no other country has, such as; Prostitution or adultery among men or women by the Arabs in the Arabian Peninsula before Islam was a common practice, not to the extent that the low level of the person doing the work.
Keywords: The Civilizations of the Arab World, the Age of Jahiliyah, Culture, and History, Research Paper, History, Indonesia
PDF Link: https://www.ijsr.net/archive/v7i1/ART20179303.pdf

The Nippon's Role to Increase Nationalism in Makassar, South Sulawesi, Indonesia

Bambang Sulistyo Edi P
Abstract: This article seeks to explain Japan's policy of generating Nationalism in South Sulawesi. It gradually instilled nationalism and ultimately attempted to create its social organization that became the social base of political movement fighters. This paper explains the role of the Japanese occupation forces in building up resistance to the Dutch and the struggle for Indonesian independence in South Sulawesi, especially in Makassar years 1945-1950. Articles prepared by reviewing works of historiography both in the form of research results, biographies, seminars, and studies of primary sources in the way of archives. This study attempts to reconstruct what happened in the past as completely and accurately as possible, and usually explains why it happened. In searching for data done systematically to be able to describe, interpret, and understand the events or events that occurred some time ago. Before World War II the Indonesian Nationalist movement in South Sulawesi was fragile. The question is why the independence movement in South Sulawesi strengthened after being under the rule of the Japanese military occupation? After the military expansion of the kingdoms in 1905 in South Sulawesi, there was no more armed resistance, except the chaos of theft and robbery. However, after the Proclamation of Indonesian Independence, armed resistance in South Sulawesi recorded the greatest outside of Java.
Keywords: History of South Sulawesi, The Revolution of Independence, Japan in World War 2, Research Paper, History, Indonesia
PDF Link: https://www.ijsr.net/archive/v7i1/ART20179169.pdf