Kampung Development Strategy through Sustainable Home Based Enterprise (HBE) Approach Study Case: Kampung Tempe Tenggilis Kauman, Surabaya City


Akhmad Raditya M. Fajrin, Rika Kisnarini, Happy R. Santosa
Abstract: Home Based Enterprise (HBE) is a residential use combining the functions of a private residence and also a function of economic activity on it. Home Based Enterprise (HBE) is important at a time when formal wages diminish or cease and enterprise are started at the only place available-the house. The advantages of HBE include the ability to maintain an enterprise at little overhead cost, to make use of home based resources, especially space and utility concessions. Home Based Enterprise (HBE) is not a new phenomenon in Indonesia, nor any other developing country. Surabaya has a home-based Kampung, one of which is Kampung Tempe which is located in Tenggilis Kauman street. It is one of the Kampungs with the biggest Soybean Cake Industry in the city of Surabaya. Soybean Cake Industry has been existed since the Dutch era in 1938 and carried on from generation to generation. Kampung Tempe does not only makes soybean cake industry, but there is also processing of soybean cake made by mothers. Soybean Cake Industry's products have been able to supply out of Surabaya and for this case usually it is not sold in units. This business is done at home by dividing the proportion of houses to live and also as a workplace. One of the concepts that can be offered is the development of HBE-based settlements that are sophisticated. In this study the paradigm of post-positivism research is naturalistic, and the method is qualitative descriptive with a technique of collecting data in the form of interview, observation and literature study as supporting data. The analysis technique used is Transect-map to identify the characteristics of Settlements (Kampung Tempe), Triangulation and SWOT is applied to formulate the development strategy of Kampung Tempe settlement through the sustainable HBE approach. The result of this research is the development strategy for settlement of Kampung Tempe through the continuous HBE approach with improving the quality of settlements: (non decent houses improvement, street quality improvement, improvement of drainage quality and procurement of WWTP for home based activities, institutional : (coaching by the government and educational institutions), social culture: (development of the next generation of kampung tempe and empowerment of communities around kampung tempe to realize social sustainability), supporting facilities and infrastructure: (procurement of WWTP for home based enterprises (HBE) and relocate and find new wells for home based enterprise (HBE)) and sustainable development principles : (procurement regulation regarding development of sustainable based facilities and infrastructure, procurement of environmentally friendly home based enterprise (HBE) and utilizing land to be used for urban farming).
Keywords: HBE, Soybean Cake, Tenggilis Kauman, Kampung Tempe Surabaya, Research Paper, Architecture, Indonesia
PDF Link: https://www.ijsr.net/archive/v7i1/ART20179086.pdf