Water Resources Management through Government Policy and Local Wisdom in Bukit Kelam Nature Tourist Park Sintang Regency West Kalimantan Indonesia

Antonius, Abdul Hakim, Amin Setyo Leksono, Endah Setyowati
Abstract: The purpose of this study is to describe and analyze the management of water resources through government policy and local wisdom; factors that support and impede the management; and the ideal policy model in water resources management in the conservation area of Bukit Kelam Nature Tourist Park (NTP). The research method was descriptive with qualitative analysis approach presented data obtained from interviews, field observation and secondary data. Model of water management was compiled through Focus Group Discussion (FGD) to find the expected model by involving all research subjects such as Sintang Conservation Area Section II, Tourism Office, Kelam Permai Sub district, businessman and community in deep discussion group. Management of water resources through local government policy and local wisdom in the conservation area of Bukit Kelam NTP apply the Law and other regulation. Regional Regulation about Spatial Planning of Regency is accommodating utilization zone in natural forest park area of Bukit Kelam mentioning that the importance of conservation of natural resources one of them water. The government is still dominant in its role over the local community, and it is full of state rights. This study showed that supporting factors for water resource management were the existence of abundant natural resources including water, social and cultural environment and openness of society as well as awareness to participate in maintaining the region. While the factors that hamper the management of was the implementation of centralized policy, the unclear line of the boundaries of areas between forest park and supporting area, the weak coordination and cooperation between agencies and insufficient number of ranger in the conservation area. The ideal policy model for water resources management is incremental, which puts forward decisions based on compromise and collective agreements between many participants, because the local communities of four Kebong, Kelam Sejahtera, Merpak and Samak villages want a joint regulation based on the local wisdom values of the community applying a 70% pattern of water retribution to community rights intended for rural development, and 30% deposited to the local treasury.
Keywords: Water Resources Management, Policy, Local Wisdom, Conservation, Research Paper, Social Science, Indonesia
PDF Link: https://www.ijsr.net/archive/v7i1/ART20179254.pdf